Impact by Regions, Countries & Territories

UNDP’s Global Programme supports crisis-affected contexts across all regions to strengthen the rule of law and human rights. In this section, we present five regional overviews, detailing our priorities and approach depending on the context, as well as feature select country and territory results from 2021.

Five contexts from the list (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Mali and Yemen) illustrate the achievements of the Global Focal Point for the Rule of Law (GFP). In peacekeeping missions and transition settings, UNDP’s Global Programme works through the GFP to deliver integrated assistance with our UN partners.

GFP Global Focal Point Highlights

Central African Republic

Central African Republic (CAR) suffered from decades of violence and a major conflict in 2013-2014. Central Africans’ high demands for justice have been fulfilled with two national justice bodies operationalized and functional: a Special Criminal Court (SCC) and a non-judicial Truth, Justice, Reconciliation and Reparations Commission (TJRRC). The SCC is a national court of hybrid compositions with international judges, established to investigate, prosecute and judge grave human rights violations, including genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

To support CAR in its efforts to bring justice to people, UNDP played a role of a convener and integrator between the authorities from both the security and justice sectors, different UN entities, international partners and civil society organizations. Under the Global Focal Point (GFP) umbrella, UNDP with MINUSCA, UN Women and the Team of Experts on Sexual Violence in Conflict have provided integrated and comprehensive assistance to transitional justice in the country. The assistance included expert consultations in drafting the laws, technical and operational support for the implementations of the mandates of the SCC and TJRRC, capacity building of and general accompanying provided for judges, clerks, lawyers, Commissioners, and ultimately victims.

  • As of the end of November 2021, the SCC counted 237 complaints filed by victims, with most of them currently under investigation.
  • Twenty-one persons have been placed in pre-trial detention, and 25 arrest warrants have been issued and awaited execution.
  • 305 victims and witnesses, including 24 women, have benefited from SCC protection measures.
  • A special unit of lawyers has been constituted, with 32 national and 17 international lawyers to ensure that all detainees were provided with court-appointed lawyers.

Through the legal clinics run by female jurists from civil society, service has been provided to over 31,000 Central Africans to ensure increased access to justice. To promote sustainable peace and the rule of law, these activities were complemented by support to security sector reform, ordinary courts, and people-centred approach to justice and security.

According to a UN-supported perception survey, 60 percent of the population view the SCC, and 57 percent view the TJRRC as indispensable for durable peace. Fifty four percent of respondents stated that ensuring accountability for perpetrators is a prerequisite for peace.1

Judges of the Special Criminal Court
New international judges of the Special Criminal Court pledging their oath in presence of the President of the Central African Republic.Photo: UNDP CAR