Impact by Regions, Countries & Territories

UNDP’s Global Programme supports crisis-affected contexts across all regions to strengthen the rule of law and human rights. In this section, we present five regional overviews, detailing our priorities and approach depending on the context, as well as feature select country and territory results from 2021.

Five contexts from the list (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Mali and Yemen) illustrate the achievements of the Global Focal Point for the Rule of Law (GFP). In peacekeeping missions and transition settings, UNDP’s Global Programme works through the GFP to deliver integrated assistance with our UN partners.

GFP Global Focal Point Highlights


In Bangladesh, UNDP piloted and hit a record with the project “My Courts” implemented to respond to the severe impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladeshi prisons. The country saw an unprecedented closure of courts, and detainees under trial, even those who had met the prerequisites, were deprived of their right to apply for bail. As of February 2020, 88,000 people were deprived of liberty in Bangladesh, almost two times more than the official prison capacity numbers. Over 80 percent of them were pre-trial detainees, with one doctor allocated per 1,000 inmates.

Against this backdrop, UNDP launched a platform for virtual courts. The initiative received immediate support at the highest level, with the President of the country passing an ordinance “On the Usage of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Courts” in less than two weeks. The platform enabled 42,894 bail applications and 14,911 virtual hearings. 10,523 individuals, including female inmates, were released on bail, setting a record in the history of Bangladesh. The prison population was thereby reduced by 11.95 percent in just three months, significantly decreasing the risk of COVID-19 infections in prison. This system helped reduce the government’s operational cost, standardise implementation, and ensure delivery of service.

This UNDP-led initiative unleashed much-needed novel thinking and motivated both the government and the people to transform the courts, making use of information technology. The functions of the virtual courts resulted in a two-year bridging project to complement the e-Judiciary project of the Government of Bangladesh.

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