Impact by Regions, Countries & Territories

UNDP’s Global Programme supports crisis-affected contexts across all regions to strengthen the rule of law and human rights. In this section, we present five regional overviews, detailing our priorities and approach depending on the context, as well as feature select country and territory results from 2021.

Five contexts from the list (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Mali and Yemen) illustrate the achievements of the Global Focal Point for the Rule of Law (GFP). In peacekeeping missions and transition settings, UNDP’s Global Programme works through the GFP to deliver integrated assistance with our UN partners.

GFP Global Focal Point Highlights

State of Palestine

UNDP’s Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People (PAPP), through the Joint UNDP, UN Women, UNICEF Sawasya II Programme,1 facilitated digitalization of key justice processes using the Mizan II case management technology,2 which allowed for greater connectivity and the development of citizen-centred applications over the past 20 years. Among others, the digitalization of the process of alimony payment reduced the disproportionate impact on women and released critical court resources, particularly at the level of enforcement departments. Since 2021, alimony orders have been transferred from the courts directly to the banks making it easier for claimants, usually women, to receive the money. Before that, claimants had been expected to present proof of their right to alimony and liaise with financial institutions. In addition, digitalization helped curtail instances of payment failures or delays by allowing for the automatic recording of incidents that can inform the timely corrective measures to the benefit of women.

Strides made on the digitalization front also increased the capacity of the High Judicial Council and the Ministry of Justice to produce automated reports to monitor and stipulate progress towards achieving the targets set up by the Justice Sector Strategy.

Important policy measures were introduced in 2021 to guarantee access to justice and equality of arms in court, with the milestone decisions to form legal aid bodies in front of both Islamic and Ecclesiastical family courts for the provision of free legal aid services to individuals who cannot afford representation by a private lawyer. This takes forward the support provided by the Sawasya II Programme to the work of the National Legal Aid Committee in the area of family law. In parallel, over 28,700 Palestinians accessed legal aid and in-person awareness raising sessions across the occupied Palestinian territory in partnership with civil society organizations. Women accounted for 73 percent of this number, with the vast majority of them seeking to bring complaints into family justice systems.

In the context of a degraded political, humanitarian and operational environment, demand for legal aid services for children supported by Sawasya II increased by 100 percent in 2021, particularly in East Jerusalem. In parallel, 2021 was marked by the rollout of key diversionary measures for children in contact with Palestinian criminal justice as set out in the Juvenile Protection Law of 2016. This resulted in a four percent increase in the number of children who could access mediation services as compared to 2020. This achievement was underpinned by the adoption of dedicated guidelines by the Attorney General’s Office, the Palestinian Civil Police and the Ministry of Social Development and the identification of 14 mediators. The mediators were selected through a robust process over the course of which they were trained and identified from among 72 candidates based on their theoretical and practical knowledge of mediation, including of domestic and international child justice instruments.

An-Najah National University working session
Working session at the An-Najah National University legal clinic which provides legal aid services to vulnerable Palestinians. Nablus, State of Palestine.Photo: Sawasya
  • 1 “The Sawasya II Programme: Promoting the Rule of Law in Palestine” seeks to support the Government of Palestine in building a progressively functioning and increasingly inclusive rule of law system that respects, protects and fulfils human rights and gender equality and, in parallel, promotes peace and security.
  • 2 Mizan II is the State of Palestine-owned case management system utilized by the enforcement departments of regular courts and family courts.

Key Results: State of Palestine

Over 28,700 Palestinians accessed legal aid and in-person awareness raising sessions across the occupied Palestinian territory.

More than 71,000 individuals received access to information about alternative justice mechanisms for dispute resolution, such as mediation and arbitration services.

Four percent increase in the number of children in conflict with the law who accessed mediation services as compared to 2020.