Impact by Regions, Countries & Territories
UNDP’s Global Programme supports crisis-affected contexts across all regions to strengthen the rule of law and human rights. In this section, we present five regional overviews, detailing our priorities and approach depending on the context, as well as feature select country and territory results from 2021.
Five contexts from the list (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Mali and Yemen) illustrate the achievements of the Global Focal Point for the Rule of Law (GFP). In peacekeeping missions and transition settings, UNDP’s Global Programme works through the GFP to deliver integrated assistance with our UN partners.
GFP Global Focal Point Highlights
The rule of law is essential for sustainable peace and resilient economies, as well as for the prevention or recurrence of conflict. To prevent or address injustice, inequalities or democratic deficits, UNDP works with multiple stakeholders to operate in a way that is consistent with the rule of law and creates opportunities for all individuals to exercise their rights and access justice.
The importance of strong institutions is more evident than ever as countries and communities respond to disruption, whether because of public health restrictions, climate change or political upheaval. Limitations on public gatherings and travel have revealed the need for institutions that are resilient to disruption.
2021 was a pivotal year that saw various developments affecting peace and security around the world. Civic space continued to shrink and the social contract between states and citizens was increasingly challenged, particularly during and after the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Facing distressing consequences of climate change, states and communities are forced to manage more cross-border conflicts, triggered by the displacement of people seeking increasingly scarce resources.
The scope of human rights challenges is widening, from eroded public trust and shrinking civic space to ongoing inequality and human rights impacts in the socio-economic repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic, and emerging risks in the digital sphere. National human rights institutions (NHRIs), along with other human rights defenders, are facing rising and sophisticated forms of reprisals for carrying out their work.
Sustainable Development Goal 16 (Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions) of the 2030 Agenda highlights the importance of access to justice for all for the development of peaceful and inclusive societies. Meaningful access to justice can only be achieved when people know their rights, have the opportunities, agency and capacities to claim them, and have access to independent, inclusive and people-centred justice systems that will respond in a timely, fair and effective manner.
Without justice, there can be no lasting peace. In post-conflict, crisis-affected and fragile contexts, truth-seeking initiatives and reconciliation efforts are essential to bring peace to affected communities. The COVID-19 pandemic has slowed down transitional processes as states prioritized their response to the health crisis and measures to support the economy.
In 2021, the continued erosion of democracy and the spread of authoritarian trends in politics in many parts of the world contributed to a backlash against women’s rights. The COVID-19 crisis has reversed some of the hard-won gender parity gains by exacerbating pre-existing inequalities and power imbalances. It has also caused a dramatic increase in sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). All these challenges have been particularly acute in conflict, fragile and crisis-affected settings.
New ideas and new strategies are critical to building sustainable and effective development approaches that really meet people’s needs. Technologies and globalization raise new human rights concerns and threaten the rule of law. Responses to the COVID-19 pandemic continue to limit people’s access to basic services. UNDP connected expertise across the globe to learn and adapt. Creating a culture of curiosity and experimentation, these efforts ensured that local needs and expertise were combined with emerging models to bring strategic thinking to people-centred development goals.
- Arab States
- Europe & Central Asia
- Latin America &
In Libya, UNDP continued to provide technical and advisory support to establish coordination mechanisms between the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Justice, such as joint technical committees and technical working groups. Despite changes within the Government, these committees and groups work closely with the Joint Policing and Security Programme of UNDP and the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) (2017-2022) to organize and facilitate capacity building and judicial reform initiatives for criminal justice institutions. These mechanisms provide opportunities to exchange views on rule of law, track progress and identify challenges, whilst establishing programming priorities and consensus-based approaches for the UN and its national counterparts.
UNDP worked with the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Justice to improve their communications strategies and provide equipment for the communications units within these ministries. The Ministry of Interior has already progressed in public outreach. With UNDP’s support it produces a weekly programme “Police and Society” to promote transparency and a people-centred approach.
In 2021, UNDP supported training opportunities for 35 law enforcement officials (including 16 women) on responding to cases of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). The curricula were designed to raise awareness and gender sensitivity of the rule of law officials, to enable them to address the increase in violence against women in the country and to improve access to justice for survivors.
Based on the needs and capacity assessment of rule of law institutions in Libya, UNDP supported the establishment of a vocational training centre in Al Jadeida Prison, representing a pilot rehabilitation programme for inmates. At the centre, the inmates can acquire or improve several skills such as tailoring, cooking, computer skills, etc. This support empowers inmates, including women, to have better access to livelihood opportunities and reduce recidivism. The official opening of the training centre is due in the last quarter of 2022.
Key Results: Libya
35 law enforcement (including 16 women) underwent training on responding to cases of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV).
610 personal protective equipment (PPE) kits were provided to the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Justice to improve the capacity of personnel working in multiple shifts for community safety and security.
21 judicial police officers from 11 municipalities around Libya participated in a training on standard operating procedures to improve the adherence to human rights standards in prisons.