Impact by Regions, Countries & Territories

UNDP’s Global Programme supports crisis-affected contexts across all regions to strengthen the rule of law and human rights. In this section, we present five regional overviews, detailing our priorities and approach depending on the context, as well as feature select country and territory results from 2021.

Five contexts from the list (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Mali and Yemen) illustrate the achievements of the Global Focal Point for the Rule of Law (GFP). In peacekeeping missions and transition settings, UNDP’s Global Programme works through the GFP to deliver integrated assistance with our UN partners.

GFP Global Focal Point Highlights


In Mozambique, UNDP facilitated national consultations that will reinvigorate community security. While community policing councils were established across the country, the lack of comprehensive legislative framework and an institutionalized approach impeded their effective delivery. Crime levels in the country remained high, with persisting allegations of mistrust, abusive conduct and lack of accountability of community policing councils. In 2021, UNDP initiated the development of a new strategy that will provide a guidance framework to standardize practices, define needs and stimulate actions to improve community policing in Mozambique. Due in May 2022, the strategy will serve to promote a dialogue between communities and local police on the issues of public order and security, to engage citizens in crime prevention efforts, and to fill in the institutional and resource gaps in remote areas. It will outline where strategic interventions for community security are most urgent, both at the legislative and the operational level.

UNDP supported consultations across all the provinces to amend the Organic Law on Community Courts. The consultations involved 450 participants, including 200 community judges representing all districts of Mozambique. The amendments will serve to revitalize the work of thousands of community courts in the country and improve access to justice especially for poor people in remote rural areas where formal justice institutions are hard to reach. While these courts enjoy proven public confidence and have the potential to be an alternative channel for settling minor disputes, they suffer from procedural weakness. This process is expected to harmonize the functions and organization of community courts, while preserving traditions and promoting community cohesion. A new proposal for the revision of the law will be submitted to the Assembly of the Republic in August 2022.

UNDP contributed to the stabilization efforts in North Mozambique, in the six districts in the north of the province of Cabo Delgado directly impacted by the conflict. In 2021, UNDP established a sub-office in Pemba, Cabo Delgado, which implements a programme on “Stabilization, Recovery & Transformation in North Mozambique” to enable the local population to return to their homes and rebuild their lives. Within the rule of law component, UNDP provides support to restore justice, security and human rights institutions, including police stations, district and community courts. Trainings for over 50 police officers focused on ethics and human rights. Undertaking the Triple Nexus approach, UNDP supports transformative changes and promotes sustainable peace in Mozambique.

Under the Tripartite Partnership (TPP) among UNDP, the UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR) and the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of Mozambique benefitted from the enhanced capacities to fulfil its mandate to protect and promote human rights. Based on the recommendations of the 2020 capacity assessment of the NHRC, UNDP and OHCHR supported the development of legal and policy tools to strengthen the role of NHCR and ensure its independence. UNDP contributed to the revision of the draft proposal to amend the Establishing Law of the NHRC to align it with the Paris Principles. In August 2022, the law will be submitted for consideration to the Assembly of the Republic.

National consultation participants
Participants of the national consultation process supported by UNDP to draft a strategy on community policing in Mozambique.Photo: UNDP Mozambique

Key Results: Mozambique

200 police officers from all the 11 provinces in Mozambique took part in a four-day national seminar (in a hybrid format) to discuss and define key areas for developing a comprehensive national strategy on community policing.

200 community judges participated in consultations across all the provinces to amend the Organic Law on Community Courts and revitalize the work of thousands of community courts in the country, especially in remote areas where formal justice institutions are hard to reach.

15 staff members (eight women and seven men) of the NHRC improved their knowledge and skills on investigative techniques and human rights in times of an armed conflict.